Posted tagged ‘Politics’

Politics of India !!

April 10, 2008

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Politics and government of India

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The country takes place of federal parliamentary framework It has its political sites as multi-party democratically – elected Government, which is further divided into Central Government, State Government, Panchayats, Municipalities.

Actually this kind of system was introduced to INDIA by the British people during their ruling period over here, Which is called British Westminster System. Here The Prime Minister is the Head of the Government, Where the President is the formal Head of the State, who hold the substantial Reserve Powers. Executive Power among the both will be excersiced by the Government. Federal Legislative Power is vested in both the governments and the two chambers of Parliament. The Judiciary is apart from both Government and the legislature.

as per the constitutions, India’s government is based on 5 types namely, “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic”. Even thought the state government’s legislative assembly members are elected directly by the citizens, the Central government has the supreme power to execute an rule or issues and it is patterned with british parliamentary system. This central government have the power to dismiss the party which doesnt have the majority or on any coalition issues….

Constitutions of INDIA

The constitutions give the basic structure of the government by the citizens are ruled. This only define the main organs of the government. It also demonstrates the responsibility and the accountabilty to it. The main organs are such as The Executive, The Legislature and The Judiciary. It relates the regular relationship between the different organs and the people.

The Central Government

The Central Government is nominated from the member of the parliament (Shortly MP) who are elected from all over the country, these MPs are representatives for each ministry such as Railways Department, Police Department, Public Welfare Department etc., who are responsible to solve the issues all over the country in their department, the “Saba Head” (Chief of the Parliament) will conduct the election for the head of the members (Prime Minister) through his majority among the members.

The State Government

The State Government is nominated from all over the state as Members of Legislative Assembly(shortly MLA), these MLAs will be gathered and get a conclusion to select their majority head as Cheif Ministers. the Cheif Minister is also one of the member of the legislative Assembly, wherein case he might be a head of the majority party, In case of shared majority the parties together will have tie-ups with its relational party and set the Government. This case is also suit for the Central Government.

Legislative Branch

The constitutions of INDIA has designated the Parliament as the legislative branch. India’s Bicameral Parliament contains two bodies namely :

Rajya Saba

Lok Saba


Whereas the Rajya saba (Council of States) has the supreme power to control the conflicts and issues created by the politcal bodies and people in the states of INDIA, while the situation is overruled by the Lok Sabha (house of People). Rajya Saba has the dominating role for the INDIAN governance. Its role is to monitor the departmental work given to the ministers accord of the department.

Judicial Branch

The INDIAN Judicial system was contributed by the British People and the concepts and the actions will resemble like the Anglo-Saxon Countries. The Judicial Branch appointed Three Divisions of Court to solve teh confilcts and issues of the people (between the citizens & between the people – Government). The Divisions are as follows.

Supreme Court

High Court

Lower Court

Obviously, any kind of issues will not be raised directly to the Supreme court ( it roles as like its name ), the primary step to appeal a case is to go for the lower court, if a common man doesn’t find his law overthere, he can further move forward his case to the High court, then only he can put steps to the Supreme court.

Local Governance

On April 24, 1993, the indian constitutions declared an act for the local rural people, as “constitutional(73rd ammendment) act, in 1992, which declare the panchayat bodies to held Panchayat elections at a regular interval of 5 years to nominate and elect their head for proceeding the issues to the government and to help the people to solve it shortly, In this the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, Women can nominate as their panchayat nominee…..

As like any other democracy, political parties represent different sections among the Indian society and regions, and their core values play a major role in the politics of India. Both the executive branch and the legislative branch of the government are run by the representatives of the political parties who have been elected through the elections. Through the electoral process, the people of India choose which majority in the lower house, a government can be formed by that party or the coalition.

India has a multi-party system, where there are a number of national as well as regional parties. A regional party may gain a majority and rule a particular state. If a party represents more than 4 states then such parties are considered as national parties. For most of its independent history, India has been ruled by the Indian National Congress (INC). The party enjoyed a parliamentary majority barring two brief periods during the 1970s and late 1980s. This rule was interrupted between 1977 to 1980, when the Janata Party coalition won the election owing to public discontent with the controversial state of emergency declared by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The Janata Dal won elections in 1989, but its government managed to hold on to power for only two years. Between 1996 and 1998, there was a period of political flux with the government being formed first by the right-wing nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) followed by a left-leaning United Front coalition. In 1998, the BJP formed the National Democratic Alliance with smaller regional parties, and became the first non-INC and coalition government to complete a full five-year term. The 2004 Indian elections saw the INC winning the largest number of seats to form a government leading the United Progressive Alliance, and supported by left-parties and those opposed to the BJP.

On 22 May 2004, Manmohan Singh was appointed the Prime Minister of India following the victory of the INC & the left front in the 2004 Lok Sabha election. The UPA now rules India with the support of the left front. Previously, Atal Bihari Vajpayee had taken office in October 1999 after a general election in which a BJP-led coalition of 13 parties called the National Democratic Alliance emerged with a majority.

Formation of coalition governments reflects the transition in Indian politics away from the national parties toward smaller, more narrowly-based regional parties. Some regional parties, especially in South India, are deeply aligned to the ideologies of the region unlike the national parties and thus the relationship between the central government and the state government in various states has not always been free of rancour. Disparity between the ideologies of the political parties ruling the centre and the state leads to severely skewed allocation of resources between the states.